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The use of barium carbonate in scientific research experiments

Views: 8     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2024-04-08      Origin: Site


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Industrial applications


Ceramics and Glass Industry: Barium carbonate is used as a flux and raw material in the production of ceramics and glass, which helps to reduce melting temperature, improve product quality and performance. In addition, it can also increase the refractive index of glass and the mechanical strength of ceramics.


Electronics industry: In the electronics industry, barium carbonate is used for X-rays and γ The shielding material for radiation has good absorption ability for these rays. This is particularly important in fields such as healthcare, nuclear energy, and industrial testing.


The paint and pigment industry: Barium carbonate is widely used as a white pigment and filler due to its excellent covering power and glossiness. It can improve the whiteness and durability of coatings while reducing costs.


Chemical industry: Barium carbonate is used as an intermediate or catalyst in chemical production, participating in various chemical reaction processes. For example, barium carbonate can be used as a stabilizer in the production of certain types of plastics and rubber.


Research field


Materials Science Research: Researchers study the physical and chemical properties of barium carbonate to develop new materials and improve the performance of existing materials. For example, by doping or surface modification, the conductivity or magnetism of barium carbonate can be improved.


Environmental science: Barium carbonate also has potential applications in the treatment of wastewater and exhaust gases. It can serve as an adsorbent to help remove heavy metal ions from water and harmful gases from the air.


Biomedical research: In the field of biomedicine, the biocompatibility and biodegradability of barium carbonate make it a focus of research. Researchers are exploring its applications in drug delivery systems and biological imaging.


Energy research: The potential application of barium carbonate in energy storage and conversion equipment is also being studied, such as as as an electrolyte material in certain types of batteries and fuel cells.


Basic characteristics of barium carbonate


Barium carbonate is an inorganic compound that typically appears in the form of white rhombic crystals or powder. The physical and chemical properties of barium carbonate are as follows:


Melting point: The melting point of barium carbonate is very high, reaching 1400 degrees Celsius.


Boiling point: Due to the decomposition of barium carbonate at high temperatures, it does not have a clear boiling point.


Density: At 19 degrees Celsius, the density of barium carbonate is approximately 4.29 g/cm.

Solubility: Barium carbonate is almost insoluble in water (0.0001 g/l), but soluble in acid.

Appearance: It is a white powdery substance.


In terms of stability and reactivity, barium carbonate is stable under normal conditions. However, it reacts with strong acids to produce toxic barium compounds. Avoid contact with acidic substances during storage and handling. In addition, barium carbonate decomposes at high temperatures, with a decomposition temperature of 1450 degrees Celsius, which also requires special attention during processing.


Application in industrial production


Ceramic and Glass Industry


Barium carbonate is used as an important raw material in the ceramic and glass industries. Its main functions are reflected in the following aspects:


Flux: Barium carbonate can lower the melting temperature of ceramics and glass, thereby saving energy and accelerating the production process. This is particularly important in the manufacturing process as it can reduce production costs and improve production efficiency.


Improving mechanical properties: The addition of barium carbonate can enhance the mechanical strength of ceramics and glass, making them more durable and wear-resistant. This is crucial for producing high-quality building materials, tableware, and other daily necessities.


Increasing refractive index: In glass production, barium carbonate can increase the refractive index of glass, thereby improving its optical properties. This is very useful for manufacturing optical glass and glass products for special purposes.


Electronic and X-ray equipment


The application of barium carbonate in the fields of electronics and X-ray equipment is also crucial:


X-rays and γ Radiation shielding: Due to the effect of barium carbonate on X-rays and γ X-rays have excellent absorption ability and are widely used as shielding materials for these rays. The application of barium carbonate in medical radiology, nuclear energy facilities, and industrial non-destructive testing can protect personnel from the effects of harmful radiation.


Electronic components: In the production of certain electronic components, barium carbonate can be used as a filler or stabilizer to improve the electrical performance and thermal stability of the components. This is crucial for ensuring the normal operation of electronic devices and extending their lifespan.


Fluorescent powder: In old-fashioned cathode ray tube display technology, barium carbonate can be used as a component of fluorescent powder for manufacturing display screens. It can emit light under the excitation of an electron beam, thereby generating images.


Environmental monitoring and analysis


Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS)


Atomic absorption spectroscopy is a classic heavy metal detection technique that quantitatively analyzes metal elements in a sample by measuring their absorbance at a specific wavelength. AAS has high sensitivity and accuracy, and is suitable for the detection of various heavy metal elements, such as lead, cadmium, mercury, chromium, and arsenic. However, AAS requires expensive instruments and the sample preparation process may be complex.


Atomic fluorescence spectroscopy (AFS)


Atomic fluorescence spectroscopy is similar to AAS, but it measures fluorescence intensity rather than absorbance. AFS has a low detection limit and high sensitivity, making it suitable for the detection of trace heavy metals in environmental water samples. The advantages of AFS include less interference and a wider linear range, but also require professional instruments and higher operating costs.


Electrochemical analysis method


Electrochemical analysis methods, such as differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) and square wave stripping voltammetry (SWSV), detect heavy metal ions by measuring the current changes on the electrode. The advantages of these methods are speed, sensitivity, and the ability to achieve on-site monitoring. Electrochemical methods can also simultaneously detect multiple heavy metal ions, reducing analysis time. However, electrode modification and maintenance are key to these methods and require professional technical knowledge.


Spectral method


Spectral methods, including UV visible spectrophotometry and atomic emission spectroscopy, analyze by measuring the spectra of colored complexes or metal vapors produced by metal ions reacting with specific reagents in the sample. These methods have good accuracy and a wide range of applications, but the equipment is usually large and costly, and may require complex sample pretreatment.


Chemical precipitation method


Chemical precipitation method is a traditional heavy metal detection method, which involves adding a precipitant to the water sample to form insoluble precipitates of heavy metal ions, and then quantitatively analyzing them through filtration and weighing. This method is simple to operate, cost-effective, but has relatively low sensitivity and accuracy, and is more sensitive to environmental conditions (such as pH value).


Biochemical method


Biochemical methods, such as enzyme inhibition and nucleic acid aptamer assay, utilize specific interactions between biomolecules and heavy metal ions for detection. These methods have good selectivity and low cost, but may be affected by sample matrix effects and may require further optimization and standardization in practical applications.


Safety and precautions of barium carbonate


Toxicity and protective measures


Barium carbonate is a hazardous chemical with toxicity. After oral administration, it may react with stomach acid and transform into toxic barium chloride, causing acute poisoning. Symptoms include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, bradycardia, muscle paralysis, and arrhythmia. Workers who are exposed to barium compounds for a long time may experience symptoms such as weakness, shortness of breath, salivation, swelling of oral mucosa, erosion, rhinitis, conjunctivitis, diarrhea, tachycardia, increased blood pressure, and hair loss.


Inhaling high concentrations of barium carbonate dust may also lead to acute poisoning.


Protective measures


During the operation, dust and aerosols should be avoided, appropriate exhaust equipment should be provided, and closed operation measures should be taken.


Operators should undergo specialized training, strictly adhere to operating procedures, wear appropriate personal protective equipment, such as self suction filter dust masks, chemical safety goggles, wear gas protective clothing, and rubber gloves.


Avoid contact between barium carbonate and skin and eyes. Once in contact, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical help.


Do not eat, drink, or smoke when using this product. Thoroughly clean the skin after work.


Storage and disposal


Barium carbonate should be stored in a cool and ventilated warehouse, away from flames and heat sources, and ensure packaging is sealed.


It should be stored separately from acids and edible chemicals, avoiding mixed storage, and equipped with emergency response equipment for leaks.


The storage area should be equipped with appropriate materials to contain leaked materials and strictly implement the "five pairs" management system for extremely toxic substances.




Abandoned barium carbonate and its containers should be disposed of in accordance with relevant national and local regulations.


It is recommended to hand over the remaining and non recyclable solutions to licensed companies for disposal to avoid environmental pollution.


For non recyclable waste, safe burial or incineration should be carried out in accordance with hazardous waste disposal regulations.






The multifunctionality of barium carbonate is reflected in its extensive industrial and scientific applications. In the industrial field, barium carbonate is used as a flux and raw material in the ceramic and glass industries, improving the quality and performance of products; In the manufacturing of electronic and X-ray equipment, it serves as a shielding material to protect personnel from the effects of harmful radiation; In the coatings and pigments industry, barium carbonate is widely used due to its excellent covering power and glossiness; In addition, barium carbonate also participates in various chemical reaction processes as an intermediate or catalyst in the chemical industry.


In scientific research experiments, barium carbonate is used as a reagent and catalyst to participate in various chemical reactions and environmental remediation technologies; At the same time, it is also used in materials science research to develop new materials and improve the performance of existing materials.


Future development potential


The future development potential of barium carbonate is mainly reflected in the following aspects:


Technological innovation: With the advancement of science and technology, new applications of barium carbonate will continue to be developed. For example, in the field of new energy, barium carbonate may be used to develop new battery and fuel cell technologies.


Environmental protection: The application of barium carbonate in environmental monitoring and treatment will be further expanded, especially in the detection and treatment of heavy metal pollution.


Medical development: In the field of medicine, the detection of radioactive substances and the application of barium carbonate as a pharmaceutical raw material will continue to develop, especially in pharmacokinetic research and new drug development.


Safety and environmental friendliness: With the increasing awareness of environmental protection and operational safety, the production and use of barium carbonate will pay more attention to reducing its impact on the environment and improving operational safety.


International cooperation: With the deepening of globalization, international technological exchange and cooperation will promote the development and application of barium carbonate related technologies.

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